An ovarian cyst can be categorised as a benign tumor. Typically a benign tumor that appears in an ovary is called a dermoid cyst. Primitive skin tissues which have been retained within the ovary from birth give rise to a dermoid cyst. A dermoid cyst is generally common in young women and affects both the ovaries. Apart from this, other cysts can be malignant tumors and they mostly appear in older women. They vary in size and can often be as large as 15 centimeters or more, even before it is diagnosed. Laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy involves a laparoscopic procedure of removal of this cyst from the ovary. A thin and long instrument is inserted laparoscopically on which a high intensity light and a camera is attached for the surgeon to guide through the inside of the abdomen. The cyst is then removed from the ovary and taken for further biopsy and medical analysis. The cuts made are extremely small and hence there is a better recovery period than compared to other surgical procedure.
Benefit of Laparoscopic Cystectomy
The main benefit of having a laparoscopic cystectomy is that it is minimally invasive and the cuts, as stated, are very minute. So compared to the alternative open surgery, a laparoscopic surgery gives a risk-free and a quick recovery period and also minimises the complications attached to open surgery. The scars left behind are also small and easily healed and the patient can resume normal activities within a week or two, without any further problem.
Recovery from Laparoscopic Cystectomy
The laparoscopic surgery is conducted as an outpatient and the patient is generally released within hours of the completion of the procedure. However the recovery period also depends on a number of factors and the post-operative care. Even though the post-operative care is very trivial in this case, certain care is needed and if the patient follows them sternly, she will be able to continue her pre-surgery lifestyle within a month. However, the first week is quite crucial, and must be taken care of with diligence.
Risks in Laparoscopic Cystectomy
There are a number of positives for this procedure, however, just like any surgery there are risks as well. Even though these risks are way minimal compared to an open surgery, still the problem of a surgery remains. One of the most common complications that a patient may face is an infection developed at the incision site. Another complication may arise from the instrument that has been inserted, which is capable of hurting the inner walls of the uterus resulting in damaging the bladder, bowel and other blood vessels. This kind of damage may not be noticed at the time of the operation, but inner bleeding will continue creating problem in the future.
So consult with your doctor thoroughly about the procedure and get an idea about the advantages and the disadvantages of laparoscopic cystectomy. It is always advised to get a biopsy of the cyst to get an idea on whether it is benign or malignant. Ovarian cancer is quite common and you should be aware of any formation of cancerous cells on your ovary