When the uterus is removed surgically through the vagina, it is known as vaginal hysterectomy. In this procedure, the uterus is detached from the ovaries, fallopian tubes and the upper vagina, by an experienced surgeon. The uterus is also detached from the blood vessels and the connective tissues that support the organ. After detaching, the uterus is removed through the vagina.
Vaginal hysterectomy is a short procedure and hence the patient will have to stay for a very little time in the hospital. It also involves a lower operation cost and a minimal recovery time when compared to other alternative. It is preferred to an abdominal hysterectomy, due to the stated reasons and as well as the fact that in an abdominal hysterectomy, it is necessary for the surgeon to make an incision in the abdomen, which takes a longer time to recover and are prone to complications as well. However, you may not qualify for a vaginal hysterectomy if your uterus is enlarged. So your doctor may refer you to some other preferable form, of surgery.
What can be treated with vaginal hysterectomy?
Vaginal hysterectomy is used to treat a number of gynecological problems. A doctor may evaluate your condition and suggest a vaginal hysterectomy if you are suffering from any of these:
Vaginal hysterectomies done are to treat the fibroids, which are benign tumors in the uterus. These are responsible for constant and abnormal bleeding and periods. If the uterus is normal in size or midly enlarged vaginal hysterectomy can be done.
Endometrium is the tissue lining the uterus. When this tissue grows outside the uterus, involving the ovaries, fallopian tubes and other abdominal organs, it is known as endometriosis. A vaginal hysterectomy is sometimes enough to treat an endometriosis.
Cancer in the uterus, cervix, endometrium or the ovaries can be treated with a hysterectomy. Depending on the extent of the cancer and the stage it is in as well as the condition of the patient, a vaginal hysterectomy be perform. Generally cervical cancer and endometrial cancers are ideal for vaginal hysterectomy treatment.
A weakened tissue and ligament often results in the lowering of the uterus in the vagina. This can result in urinary incontinence, pelvic pressure as well as difficulty in bowel movement. It is in this case that the uterus is removed using the procedure of vaginal hysterectomy.
Abnormal vaginal bleeding
Often medicines and other less invasive procedure may fail to cure abnormalities in vaginal bleeding like irregularities, or a heavy and long period. A doctor may suggest a vaginal hysterectomy to cure the abnormality.
A vaginal hysterectomy is one of the several treatment options for these conditions. Your doctor will evaluate your medical problem and suggest a procedure that will work well with your condition. Many a times your doctor may opt for a less invasive procedure. But a vaginal hysterectomy may be the only treatment for many.